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Atopic Dermatitis

Eczema is a skin condition that can be seen commonly in children, but it may occur at any age.

Clinical signs may vary with age and the disease stage.

The patient can be extremely itchy.

Acute and chronic flares may exist. These can be a genetic association together with allergic rhinitis and asthma.

Infantile eczema generally affects the face, hands, feet and elsewhere.

In older children, it may affect the flexures which are the inner elbow and knees. Adults may present with a variety of skin signs.

Flares may occur by bacterial infections, irritants (woolen clothes), inhaled house dust and mites.

Infested foods may also play a role (eggs, milk, soybeans, peanuts and wheat).

Stress may exacerbate the skin rash.